Quick Answer: What Is Bloom’S Syndrome?

What causes Bloom’s syndrome?

Bloom syndrome is an inherited disease that causes a person’s chromosomes to break and rearrange frequently.

Bloom syndrome is caused by mutations in the BLM gene.

The chromosome instability seen in patients with Bloom syndrome causes high rates of cancer beginning in childhood or early adulthood..

How is Bloom syndrome treated?

Although there is currently no treatment aimed at the underlying genetic abnormality, persons with Bloom’s syndrome benefit from sun protection, aggressive treatment of infections, surveillance for insulin resistance, and early identification of cancer.

How do you test for Bloom syndrome?

The diagnosis of Bloom syndrome (congenital telangiectatic erythema) can be confirmed or excluded by a laboratory test known as a chromosome study; blood and skin cells show a characteristic pattern of chromosome breakage and rearrangement.

Why do Ashkenazi have genetic diseases?

Researchers think Ashkenazi genetic diseases arise because of the common ancestry many Jews share. While people from any ethnic group can develop genetic diseases, Ashkenazi Jews are at higher risk for certain diseases because of specific gene mutations.

What is the difference between Noonan syndrome and Turner syndrome?

However, there are many important differences between the two disorders. Noonan syndrome affects both males and females, and there is a normal chromosomal makeup (karyotype). Only females are affected by Turner syndrome, which is characterized by abnormalities affecting the X chromosome.

What are the specific symptoms of this genetic disorder?

Genetic Disorders Symptoms & CausesEar abnormalities.Unusually shaped eyes.Different colored eyes.Facial features that are unusual or different from other family members.Brittle or sparse hair.Excessive body hair.White patches of hair.Large or small tongue.More items…

What does the BLM gene do?

The BLM gene provides instructions for making a member of a protein family called RecQ helicases. Helicases are enzymes that attach (bind) to DNA and unwind the two spiral strands (double helix) of the DNA molecule.

What is Noonan syndrome?

Noonan syndrome is a genetic disorder that prevents normal development in various parts of the body. A person can be affected by Noonan syndrome in a wide variety of ways. These include unusual facial characteristics, short stature, heart defects, other physical problems and possible developmental delays.

What does Bloom syndrome look like?

Bloom syndrome (BSyn) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by short stature; a sun-sensitive, red rash that occurs primarily over the nose and cheeks; mild immune deficiency with increased susceptibility to infections; insulin resistance that resembles type 2 diabetes; and most importantly, a markedly increased …

How do you test for Noonan syndrome?

In most cases, Noonan syndrome can be confirmed by a blood test for the various genetic mutations. However, in about 1 in 5 cases no specific mutation can be found, so a negative blood test won’t rule out Noonan syndrome.

What is another name for Noonan syndrome?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Noonan syndrome. Other names. Male Turner syndrome, Noonan-Ehmke syndrome, Turner-like syndrome, Ullrich-Noonan syndrome.

What is Rothmund Thomson syndrome?

These skin problems persist for life and are collectively known as poikiloderma. Rothmund-Thomson syndrome is also characterized by sparse hair , eyebrows, and eyelashes; slow growth and small stature; abnormalities of the teeth and nails; and gastrointestinal problems in infancy, such as chronic diarrhea and vomiting.

What is Nijmegen breakage syndrome?

Nijmegen breakage syndrome is a condition characterized by short stature, an unusually small head size (microcephaly ), distinctive facial features, recurrent respiratory tract infections, an increased risk of cancer, intellectual disability, and other health problems.